Patan is mainly known for its various landmark historical sites belonging to ancient and medieval periods of the country. There are many well known places to visitin this town but the chief among them is Rani Ki Vav. It is a historic stepwell that serves as the most striking example of the subterranean architecture of the state. The well comprises of lateral staircases besides very stepped and broad corridors. The length of this historic stepwell is about 64 m, width is about 20 m and depth is of 27 m. In June 2014, the site was inducted into the UNESCO’s lists of heritage sites.
Rani ki Vav will certainly impress the visitors not only for its architectural craftsmanship but also for its sculptural decoration that reflects true artistic mastery of the nation during medieval period. The sculptures and figurative motifs along with proportion of empty and filled spaces provide genuine aesthetic character of the step well.